The Branch is the basic unit of the ANC, where members participate in ANC activities and political discussions.
The branch is the "vanguard" of the community, representing its interests, expressing its aspirations and mobilising it to work together for local development. Each branch elects a Branch Executive Committee at an Annual General Meeting
The Regional Executive Committee (REC)
is elected at a Regional Conference every two years by the representatives of the branches in the region.
The Provincial Executive Committee (PEC)
is elected at a Provincial Conference every three years by the representatives of the branches in the province.
The National Executive Committee (NEC)
is the highest organ of the ANC between Conferences and has the responsibility to lead the organisation.
It is elected every five years at the National Conference.
The NEC elects a National Working Committee (NWC) from within its ranks to coordinate the work of the organisation on a day-to-day basis.
The National Conference, which takes place every five years, is the highest decision-making body of the ANC.
Branch representatives comprise at least 90 percent of voting delegates at the National Conference.
A National General Council (NGC) is held between National Conferences to evaluate the programme of the movement.
ANC Womens League
The ANC Womens League functions as an autonomous body within the overall structure of the ANC.
Its objective is to defend and advance the rights of women against all forms of oppression and to ensure that women play a full role in the life of the organisation.
The Womens League is open to all women who are members of the ANC.
The ANC Youth League also functions as an autonomous body, with the objective of uniting and leading young people in confronting and dealing with the problems that face the youth, and in ensuring that the youth make a full and rich contribution to the work of the ANC.
Membership of the Youth League is open to all people between the ages of 14 and 35.